Dr. Surendran's Institute for Research & In Vitro Fertilization

Infertility may be the result of a number of different problems, most of which can be corrected. In general, the causes of infertility can be divided into seven categories. These categories and their incidence specifically in couples seeking treatment are:



Male factor [35 - 40%]
Unexplained infertility [20-25%]
Tubal Conditions [15%]
Ovulation Disorders [10-15%]
Age-related [10%]
Endometriosis [10%]

Cervical and uterine conditions [5%]

A common misconception is that infertility is primarily a woman's "problem". In fact, male factor infertility affects the same number of couples as female factor infertility. An additional 25% of couples who seek treatment have more than one factor or condition affecting their ability to reproduce.

In recent years, age-related infertility has become an increasingly common problem. Both men and women are most fertile at age 24. Fertility rates begin to trend downward thereafter and decline significantly after age 35.

Life style choices and environmental factors can also have an impact on fertility. Caffeine intake, smoking, substance abuse and the use of herbal medicine have all been shown to decrease fertility rates. You can learn about how these factors impact fertility and the things you need to know before you get pregnant on this web site

What is Infertility?

Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse, or the inability to carry a pregnancy to term. This definition is reduced to six months for

  • Women over 35
  •  Women with a history of painful periods, irregular cycles, pelvic inflammatory disease and miscarriages
  • Couples who know that the male partner has a low sperm count

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